Sunday, November 29, 2015

Today is the anniversary of the UN General Assembly resolution 181 establishing Israel,

Today is the anniversary of the UN General Assembly resolution 181 establishing Israel, Nov, 29 1947. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 called for the partition of the British-ruled Palestine Mandate into a Jewish state and an Arab state. It was approved on November 29, 1947 with 33 votes in favor, 13 against, 10 abstentions and one absent (see list at end of document). The resolution was accepted by the Jews in Palestine, yet rejected by the Arabs in Palestine and the Arab states.

The international basis of it was the British White Paper Balfour Declaration. "The Balfour Declaration (dated 2 November 1917) a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland. It bread in poart "
His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."

Really interesting history of US President Harry Truman's decision to recognize Israel, against the advise of his advisors. "Defying the experts' advice and confident in the rightness of the Zionist cause, Harry Truman exerted his presidential prerogative and directed his U.N. delegation to lobby America's friends and clients to support the Partition Resolution in November 1947. Then, on May 14, 1948—again defying the uniform advice of his State and War Departments—he issued a de facto recognition of the State of Israel within hours of its declaration of independence.
Truman's decision came from a profound conviction that Israel belonged in the world as surely as the United States of America belonged in the world. Moreover, in this matter he had reason to believe that popular opinion would sustain him, and so it did."

He saw himself as King Cyrus, the Persian King of the 6th century BCE who defeated the Babylonians and let the Jews return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple.

The Arabs still reject the UN resolution. The Palestinians by poll want no Israel. The idea of a 2 state solution, one Jewish and one Arab, as envisioned by the UN resolution, has always and still is rejected by the Palestinians  Israel under Barak and Olmert offered a final resolution deal, but got back intifadas.

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